CNN News said heat-trapping pollution and the effects of El Niño could lead to significant climate threshold violations within the next five years. This information was given by the World Metrological Organization or WMO. Global temperatures have risen significantly in recent years due to the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas. This trend shows no signs of slowing down.
The WMO annual climate report says there is a 66 percent chance that global temperatures will rise 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels between 2023 and 2027. As temperatures rise, there is a 98 percent chance of seeing record warming on the planet within the next five years.
A rise of 1.5 degrees Celsius may be temporary, the report said. But rising sea levels, increasing extreme weather and the loss of vital ecosystems are clear indications of how fast climate change is happening.
Countries pledged in the Paris climate agreement to limit global warming to below 2 degrees, or 1.5 degrees, above pre-industrial levels. 1.5 degrees is considered by scientists as the critical level of warming. If exceeded, extreme floods, droughts, wildfires and food shortages could increase dramatically.
The hottest year on record is 2016 which followed a very strong El Niño. The year following the onset of El Niño tends to increase in temperature. Because of this, 2024 could be marked as the hottest year on record. Meanwhile, global warming has increased by about 1.2 degrees. Indiscriminate use of fossil fuels and heat trapping are the causes of this pollution. According to the report, the risk of temporarily exceeding 1.5 degrees Celsius has increased steadily since 2015.