Indigo planting in Bengal dates back to 1777 when a Frenchman named Luise Bonnaud, introduced it to Indian sub-continent. He became the first indigo planter in Bengal, starting to cultivate the crop at Taldanga and Goalpara in Hoogly. With the help of agreement with Nawabs of Bengal and Zamindars, East India Company (British named them in India) made the rules to cultivate indigo by local as they were very much commercially profitable when selling them in Europe. Due to the inhuman tortures and oppressions on the worker of Indogo farming, there was a revolt against Indigo planters, started in Chougacha village near Krishnonagar in Nadia district in 1859.
The oppressions from the British Indigo planters were too heavy to carry out for the locals. The peasants were protesting from many sides and in 1860, with the help and initiatives of Nawab Abdul Latif, it reached to an end to the repressions of Indigo planters by passing the Indigo Act 1862. During that time, some indigo planters were given a public trail and executed and many planters fled to avoid being caught and punished. The Zamindars were also targets of the rebellious peasant of Bengal.